Burns are not only painful but can happen at any time, especially at home. Everyday tasks like cooking and doing a load of laundry can become dangerous in a split second, which is why it’s very important to know first aid so that you’re prepared if you ever experience a burn.
Being able to recognize the type of burn you have will allow you to treat it accordingly. Knowing the right information will help to reduce the effects of a serious burn, which can often be life altering. Differentiating the different types of burns can be a determining factor between a fast recovery or a permanent one.
There are three different types of burns that vary in terms of symptoms and the degree of severity. Learning the differences and knowing what to look for will allow you to apply the proper treatment on yourself or someone else.
First-degree burns are often referred to as superficial burns because they are the least serious type of burn. When a first-degree burn occurs, only the outer layer of the skin is burned and it will normally heal roughly in about three to six days. Symptoms include swelling, redness and pain and can happen from sunburns or a hot drink being spilled. Normally, a doctor is not required in these cases and holding the burn under cool running water for a few minutes will do the trick. You can use burn creams and take a pain reliever and cover the area with a non-stick bandage to prevent an infection.
When the first and second layers of your skin are burned, it is a second-degree burn and symptoms include blisters, swelling and severe pain. This type of burn is tricky because in some cases it can be treated in the same way as a first-degree burn, however, if the burn is larger than three inches in diameter, you’ll have to take different measures and seek medical attention from a doctor as soon as you can. Keep soaking it with a wet cloth until you get to your doctor.
When all of the layers of your skin are burned, a third-degree burn has occurred, resulting in permanent damage to your skin, muscle, tissue and in some cases even the bone. Charred skin, dry skin and difficulty breathing are just some of the symptoms, but regardless of what you see, when a third-degree burn occurs, the person needs to see a doctor immediately. If they are having difficulty moving and their breathing is a concern, call 911 right away.
A burn can be scary, but knowing what to do will help immensely and decrease the level of stress and panic. Ontario HBOT Burn Healing can help with thermal burns and healing through first aid and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. For all things burn-related, contact them right away to begin your healing process.