When providing a burn victim with first aid, it is essential that you first identify the type of burn.  Knowing the level of the burn damage will help determine the type of treatment to be used. Medical professionals have identified three different levels of burns with the different terminology being used to identify the more severe burns. This article will provide information on how to identify the severity of a burn.

The Different Levels Of Burn

Currently, there are three different levels of burns including first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree burns. The higher the degree number, the more dangerous the level of the injury.  For example, a first-degree burn can be considered a minor or superficial burn because only the first layer of skin has been damaged. Below is more information on the different degrees of burn damage.

  • First-Degree Burns

The first-degree is a type of burn that is superficial or minor.  First-degree burns indicate damage to the outer layer of skin; therefore, the skin can continue to function normally and is still able to protect the body from any infections. First-degree burns are not considered dangerous and can easily be treated at home using a first aid kit. They will heal quickly and do not leave scars on the body.

  • Second-Degree Burns

A second-degree burn is experienced when the burn penetrates the epidermis (first layer) and damages the dermis (second layer of skin). When a person suffers a second-degree burn, they will lose the first layer of the skin, and this can result in fluid loss and heat loss. The damaged area will become at risk of infection and nerve cells are exposed, thus making the burn painful.  

This type of burn can be treated at home using a first aid kit, but it may be better to contact a medical professional if the burns are extensive. Common symptoms of a second-degree burn include redness, loss of skin functioning, and blistering. Second-degree burns do not heal quickly, but they recover more rapidly than third-degree burns.

  • Third-Degree Burns

The third-degree burn, also known as a full-thickness burn, is the most severe of all types of burns. This burn occurs when the epidermis, dermis, and all nerve cells in the skin are destroyed. Results of third-degree burns include heat loss, fluid loss, and infection. These are burns that require immediate medical attention.

If can be difficult to differentiate between third-degree and second-degree burns when one first sees a burn. This is why it is best to attend a medical facility and burn unit to identify the severity and gain the best treatment.

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