Burn Healing & HBOT
Thermal burns present a multifactorial tissue injury that culminates in a marked inflammatory response with vascular derangement rom activated platelets and white cell adhesion with resultant edema, hypoxia, and vulnerability to severe infection.
What is Oxygen Therapy Burn Treatment?
HBOT or the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is a simple and non-invasive medical treatment that serves the purpose of enhancing the body’s natural healing processes through the inhalation of 100 percent oxygen (pure oxygen) in a pressurized room or tube, often labeled as a total body chamber.
This therapy is used for a wide variety of treatments that are usually in conjunction with an overall medical care plan. Some examples of the conditions that are treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy are decompression sickness (a hazard that comes with scuba diving), serious infections, Thermal Burns, Burn Treatment, wounds that are not healing due to diabetes or radiation, First Aid for Burns and more.
Benefits of HBOT Burn Treatment
Poor white cell function caused by the local environment exacerbates this problem. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy addresses each of these pathophysiological derangements and can, therefore, make a significant difference in patient outcomes. These mechanisms of action are thoroughly discussed in the medical field.
Multiple animal studies support the utility of HBOT for treatment of thermal burns. Human studies ranging from case series to randomized clinical trials have supported the potential benefit of HBOT in burn treatment. These include a small randomized study by Hart that demonstrated improved healing and decreased mortality. Niezgoda showed increased healing in a standardized human burn model in a series of publications, Cianci suggest significant reduction in length of hospital stay, need for surgery and cost.
Oxygen Therapy Burn Treatment
Because of the goals of therapy, HBOT is begun as soon as possible after injury, with a goal of three treatments within the first 24 hours and then twice daily. Length of treatment depends on the clinical impairment of the patient and the extent of and response to grafting.
Special attention must be given to fluid management and chamber and patient temperature to avoid undue physiologic stress to the patient as well as potential complications of treatment (i.e., oxygen toxicity).